The first general availability version of Rocky Linux was released on June 21, 2021.
Download the official release of Rocky Linux 9.0 from one of the trusted mirrors.
|x86_64||Minimal | DVD | Boot | Torrent | Checksum||BaseOS|
|ARM64 (aarch64)||Minimal | DVD | Boot | Torrent | Checksum||BaseOS|
More Rocky Linux download options here: https://rockylinux.org/download/
We will install Rocky Linux 8.4, you can pick the “DVD” link of the “x86_64” architecture, and download with your favourite brower.
We are downloading the Rocky Linux DVD Iso file with Chrome.
You can get the validated ISO file checksum from the Rocky Linux website:
laptop% curl -s https://download.rockylinux.org/pub/rocky/8/isos/x86_64/CHECKSUM | grep "(Rocky-8.4-x86_64-dvd1.iso)" SHA256 (Rocky-8.4-x86_64-dvd1.iso) = ffe2fae67da6702d859cfb0b321561a5d616ce87a963d8a25b018c9c3d52d9a4
We can generate the sha256 checksum of your ISO file downloaded locally:
laptop% sha256sum Rocky-8.4-x86_64-dvd1.iso ffe2fae67da6702d859cfb0b321561a5d616ce87a963d8a25b018c9c3d52d9a4 Rocky-8.4-x86_64-dvd1.iso
We can compare the two values: the reference checksum from the Rocky Linux website and the generated on my computer are the same. We are good:
ffe2fae67da6702d859cfb0b321561a5d616ce87a963d8a25b018c9c3d52d9a4 = ffe2fae67da6702d859cfb0b321561a5d616ce87a963d8a25b018c9c3d52d9a4
You need to build one USB Key with the ISO file.
You can pick one of these tools or use the excellent default dd command tool of your computer:
Plug your USB key and boot your computer. Depending of the default configuration, you should enable the USB boot by configuring your BIOS or pushing one function key during the boot.
The classic Anaconda installer is starting.
We are ready to setup our Rocky Linux, the Installer summary is proposing all the options your were finding in CentOS Linux.
We can go to: “SYSTEM” > “Network & Host Name”.
Enable your NIC and choose one hostname
We can go to: “SYSTEM” > “Installation Destination”.
We are keeping the default automatic partitioning:
We are going back into the Installation summary main configuration menu.
We can go to: “USER SETTINGS” > “Root Password”
You have to setup the root password.
We can go to: “SOFTWARE” > “Software Selection”
We are keeping the default “Server with GUI” base environment.
After having clicked on the “Begin Installation” button, the installation is starting.
At the end of the disk preparation, we can click on: “Reboot System”. We can remove the USB installation key now.
The system is booting from the local hard drive for the first time. We can boot with the default Grub menu “Rocky Linux 4.18.0”.
The GUI is starting.
We have to confirm the license information.
Don’t stress, the license is a 3-Clause BSD:
Here is the 3-Clause BSD license:
Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
If you want to compare the 3-Clause BSD with the GPL License, you can get more information here: https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause
You should never use the root user for your session, you can create your own user.
You can click on “FINISH CONFIGURATION”.
Great, our Rocky Linux is ready, we can login with the user created in the previous step.
You can pick one of these display servers:
We are keeping the default Wayland configuration.
We can change the language from our new session.
We can select the keyboard of this session.
We can choose to enable or disable the Location services for our privacy
We can connect online services.
Last splash screen at the end of the session configuration.
For new GNOME user coming from macOS or Microsoft Windows, we have one help page with the main functions.
Good look for our new Rocky Linux desktop.
We have our classic GNOME menus.
The 8.4 release is called “Green Obsidian”:
The release from the Linux CLI:
[[email protected] ~]$ cat /etc/redhat-release Rocky Linux release 8.4 (Green Obsidian)
The Green Obsidian is a naturally formed volcanic glass from Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.
We can check the release details:
[[email protected] ~]$ cat /etc/os-release NAME="Rocky Linux" VERSION="8.4 (Green Obsidian)" ID="rocky" ID_LIKE="rhel fedora" VERSION_ID="8.4" PLATFORM_ID="platform:el8" PRETTY_NAME="Rocky Linux 8.4 (Green Obsidian)" ANSI_COLOR="0;32" CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:rocky:rocky:8.4:GA" HOME_URL="https://rockylinux.org/" BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.rockylinux.org/" ROCKY_SUPPORT_PRODUCT="Rocky Linux" ROCKY_SUPPORT_PRODUCT_VERSION="8"
We have the 4.18 kernel with the Red Hat patches:
[[email protected] ~]$ uname -a Linux rockdata 4.18.0-305.3.1.el8_4.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu Jun 17 07:52:48 UTC 2021 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux